The premise behind relative dating is

If Paul was unknown to the church in Rome, than his recommendation of Phoebe would be of little value But this is not a necessary conclusion since Paul was not an obscure person, and the writing of his letter speaks of a level of his authority with the Romans 5. ), (7) in the winter of 56-57 they are in Rome when Paul writes to the Romans from Corinth, and (8) in the autumn of 67 they are in Ephesus again when Paul writes (2 Tim. As Guthrie says, “For this reason Paul deals with the fundamental Christian principle of ‘righteousness’ as contrasted with the Jewish approach, and then discusses the problem of Israel’s failure and her relationship to the universal Christian Church” (, p. He himself is in a context of personal Jewish opposition (Acts 20:3).The warnings of -19 appear to be more around the antinomianism of Ephesus than the Jewish-Gentile relationships of Romans While there is no mention of these problems among the Romans, this does not mean that these words could have no relevance to them;--especially in view of Paul’s own struggles with them 6. Paul does acknowledge the priority of the Jews (; 2:9-10) as well as the advantage of being a Jew (3:1-2; 9:4-5), but he emphasizes that God is God of the Jews and the Gentiles (-30), that God has temporarily halted His program for rebellious Israel (9--11), and that a believing remnant will continue (11:5) until the full number of Gentiles comes in (). Rom ) Every early list of NT books includes Romans among Paul’s letters.

the premise behind relative dating is-33

Paul was interested in the Roman church, and intended to come for many years (; -24,28-29; cf. Paul wanted to preach the Gospel and impart a spiritual benefit to the Romans (,15) D. Righteousness is the moral character of God reflected in the gospel. But Paul is emphasizing the righteous status which is given to men by God throughout the letter (cf.

Since the book has so many doctrines, Paul wanted to instruct the Romans in their faith E.

Chapter 16 may have been a later appendix to the conclusion stated in chapter 15 But the ending of is without precedent among Paul’s letters 7. Therefore, God is seen as being good in his universal plan of salvation ().

Therefore, the evidence is inconclusive that chapter 16 is an appendage from an Ephesian letter. The decree from Claudius was against Jews living in Rome (Acts 18:2).

The Composition of the church in Rome was probably mixed (Jewish/Gentile) a. The last two chapters of Romans are considered to be problematic to the integrity of the book B. 394), but this is unlikely since there was no instruction for these believers.

1:1), but to “all that are at Rome” Gentiles, not just Gentiles (-14) d) Paul refers to the Jews as “my” brethren, and not “our” brethren (9:3) e) Out of the twenty-four names in chapter 16, over one half are Latin and Greek 2) Paul writes to Jewish believers a) Paul wrote with many references to the Old Testament (but see Galatians too) b) Paul speaks of Abraham as “our” father in 2:1 (but see 1 Corinthians 10:1 where he does the same thing) c) Chapters 9--11 are about the nation Israel (but they show that those who had privilege could loose it) d) Paul describes a Jewish/Gentile problem in the church (“weak and strong”) A. Apart from this integrity, it is almost impossible to reconstruct the occasion for the epistle (see Guthrie, This absolute date is derived from the inscription found at Delphi which shows that Gallio was proconsul of Achaia in A. 52-[54] which means that he was probably proconsul of Achaia from mid-51 to mid-52, and Paul probably stood before him early in Gallio’s governorship since the Jews would be attempting to win a new governor to their side (see Cranfield, , p.

Perhaps Phoebe was going to Rome so it was a good opportunity to write (16:1-2) A.

To create an interest in Paul’s Spanish mission; however, this does not account adequately for the theological nature of the mission B.

The Chester Beatty papyrus and then copied by scribes who did not know of his editing. ) as objective (righteousness as God’s gift) rather than subjective (e.g., righteousness as God’s activity).

When the final chapters were found, they were added without editing the doxology at the end of chapter 15. Paul planned to do missionary work in Spain (,28) and thus visit the Romans for prayer and financial support B. This is a very difficult decision; see Cranfield for some in-depth discussion concerning these two views (, -99).

Once Pauline authorship is accepted for works like Galatians, and the Corinthian letters, than a work like Romans may also be ascribed Pauline since the topics are so similar, and there are no substantial difficulties C. Paul seems to have stood before Gallio, the proconsul of Achaia, in the summer of A. Paul then returned to Caesarea, went down to Jerusalem, and then up to the church in Antioch where he spent some time (perhaps late fall of AD 52 through winter of 52/53; cf. Paul began his third missionary journey from Antioch through the Galatian region (spring-summer of A. Paul probably arrived in Corinth in late fall of AD 56, and remained through early 57 Therefore, Romans, which was written from Corinth on the third missionary journey (see above), was probably written in the winter and early spring of AD 56-57. Also Paul does not mention these people from his later epistles sent from Rome But Paul never concludes letters to churches which he personally knows with long addresses; rather, he only does this with the letter to Colossae (another church which he had never visited). Some have identified the founding of the church with Peter, however, Paul never mentions Peter in Romans even though he mentions twenty-four other people.

Tags: , ,